I&P manages four impact funds fully dedicated to African SMEs, mainly differentiated by the company size they target. Our funds have progressively extended I&P's scope of intervention, and propose an investment continuum between €30,000 and €3 million.
I&P Developpement 1 (IPDEV1)
I&P Développement 1 targets small and fast growing African enterprises (including start-ups), with high social and/or environmental impact. Launched in 2002 by Patrice Hoppenot, IPDEV 1 is an impact first fund with a unique track record on exits in the African SME industry, and strong socio-economic impact.
IPDEV 1 was a pilot phase, critical to establish Investisseurs & Partenaires’ model and demonstrate its investment thesis, based on the existence of talented entrepreneurs looking for financial and strategic support to launch and scale up their businesses in Africa.
IPDEV1 is now in the process of divesting its portfolio and has achieved 20 full or partial exits since 2012.
15 years after its creation, Investisseurs & Partenaires publishes a short document reflecting on the successes, drawbacks and key lessons learned from its first impact fund: Investisseur & Partenaire pour le Développement (IPDEV).
In the first part, we present the history of IPDEV, from its pioneering debut to the diversification of the investment vehicles required to encompass the growing range of its operations.
In the second part, we draw 15 key lessons from of our 15 years of investment experience following 3 aspects: the enterprise and its management, the investor strategy and the investor’s operations.
► The board is chaired by Olivier Lafourcade since June 2012.
Olivier Lafourcade is a member of the board of directors and investment committee of IPDEV since 2004. In June 2012 he becomes chairman of this board. Olivier Lafourcarde spent most of his career at the World Bank, which he joined in 1973, accumulating considerable operational experience in many countries, in particular in Africa, Asia and Latin America. His latest position at the World Bank was as Director for Mexico, Colombia and Venezuela, with residence in Mexico City from 1996 to 2002. Previously, he was appointed Director in several countries in West and Central Africa. For the last 10 years, Olivier Lafourcade has been an international consultant in the field of economic development collaborating with many public and private institutions, NGO’s and universities interested in international development. Olivier Lafourcade, is a graduate of the Ecole Nationale Supérieure Agronomique of Rennes (France), and he holds an MSc and a PhD degree in Agricultural Economics from the University of Maryland (USA). In addition he is a graduate of the Stanford Executive Program (1997).
► The advisory board meets twice a year to discuss the companies exiting the portfolio. It is composed of several investors.
► Risk and governance committee
Olivier de Guerre, CEO of Phitrust
Amadou Raimi, former Global Vice-President of Deloitte
I&P's sponsoring program: IPDEV2
Drawing lessons of its experience since its creation in 2002, I&P conceived the project IPDEV2 as a sponsor of African impact funds. These funds will be able to efficiently and sustainably support start-ups and very small enterprises.
IPDEV2 aims to incubate 10 impact funds in 10 African countries in 10 years, in order to support 550 early-stage entrepreneurs and contribute to create 15 000 jobs.
As of today 3 funds are already operational and 2 funds are in their launching phase:
I&P Afrique Entrepreneurs 1 (IPAE 1)
10 years after IPDEV 1, I&P launched the fund I&P Afrique Entrepreneurs 1 to address the financing needs of slightly larger SMEs, comprised between €300,000 and €1,5 million.
IPAE 1 counts 29 companies in its portfolio, as a minority stakeholder.
The fund is characterized by a significant diversity in terms of geographical location and sector. Companies of the portfolio are located in 11 countries of Sub-Saharan Africa and the Indian Ocean and operate in various sectors (microfinance, construction, transport, health…)
IPAE is governed by 3 bodies
1. The board of directors: Chaired by Jean-Michel Severino, the board is composed of Ms Annie Ferton, M. Mamadou Lamine Loum, M. Abdoulaye Bio Tchané, M. Olivier Lafourcade, M. Roshan Nathoo and M. Philippe Ledesma.
2. The investment committee of the management company, I&P Gestion. Every month the following professionals from the private equity and the development sectors meet to discuss on ongoing projects and investment decisions.
- Olivier Lafourcade, Consultant, former director at the World Bank
- Luc Rigouzzo, CEO of Améthis Finance, former CEO of Proparco
- Jean-Michel Severino, CEO of I&P and former CEO of AFD (2001-2010)
- François Wohrer, CEO of Compagnie Financière Degroof and former Senior Investment Officer at IFC
- Hervé Schricke, President "Club Afrique", AFIC
- Ann Katrin Dolium, Expert on ESG and CSR issues
- A member of the I&P team
3. The advisory board Composed of representative of key investors of the fund, it meets at least twice a year to give another perspective on potential conflicts of interest and on the funds activities.
I&P Afrique Entrepreneurs 2 (IPAE 2)
As the successor fund of I&P Afrique Entrepreneurs, IPAE 2 will continue and deepen the impact mission of Investisseurs & Partenaires and promote the emergence of a new generation of responsible African entrepreneurs.
With a target size of €80 million, IPAE 2 will invest in equity and quasi-equity as a minority shareholder in 30 to 40 startups and businesses located in Sub-Saharan Africa and the Indian Ocean, and thus contribute to building a sustainable and productive private sector. IPAE 2 also aims to create an investment hub in East Africa, by opening a new office in Nairobi.
IPAE 2 will be a generalist fund that targets a large range of sectors that significantly contribute to the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs): agri-business, health, construction industry, renewable energy, microfinance, industry, B2B products and services, etc.